Appendix I

The Calendar
لە کتێبی:
فەرهەنگی وەهبی و ئەدمۆندز
بەرهەمی:
Taufiq Wahby, C. J. Edmonds
 5 خولەک  864 بینین

(a) The Lunar Islamic Year

1Muḥeṟem
2Sefer
3ṟebî‛ulewel
4ṟebî‛ulaxer
5cemazîyelewel
6cemazîyelaxer
7ṟeceb
8she‛ban
9ṟemezan
10shewal
11zîlqe‛de
12zîlḥece

(b) The Civil Year In Iraq

Januarykanûn y dûwem
Februaryshubat
Marchmart, aḍar
Aprilnîsan
Maymayis, ayar, eyar
Juneḥezîran
Julytemûz
Augustab
Septembereylûl
Octobertishrîn y yekem
Novembertishrîn y dûwem
Decemberkanûn y yekem

(c) The Iranian Solar Year

The Iranian solar year begins on the day the sun enters Aries (about 21 March) and is divided into 12 months, each of 31 or 30 days except the last which has 28, or in leap years 29. Several Kurdish publicists have endeavoured to introduce Kurdish names for the months; but there has been no uniformity and about 40 different names have been used, applied sometimes to the months of the Iranian calendar, sometimes, less appropriately, to the months of the Gregorian calendar, and in some cases to different months of the same calendar. The following table shows in column 2 the 12 names which are recommended, and in column 3 the corresponding names used on the Persian side of the boundary.

Mar.-Apr.NöṟojFerwerdîn
Apr.-MayGuḻanErdîbehîsht
May-JuneBaranbiṟanXurdaḍ
June-JulyGermacimanTîr
July-Aug.GelawêjMurdaḍ
Aug.-Sept.BerewpayîzShehrîwer
Sept.-Oct.MîranMîr
Oct.-Nov.GeḻaṟêzanAban
Nov.-Dec.AgirḍanAzer
Dec.-Jan.SehoḻbenḍanDey
Jan.-Feb.NawzistanBehmen
Feb.-Mar.PolanEspenḍ